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The 911 was premiered at the 1963 Frankfurt Motor Show as the Porsche 901. But a French car company claimed copyright over the use of all model numbers with a zero in the middle, so Porsche therefore renamed the 901 '911' - a three-figure number which still raises the heartbeat of every sports car fan.
Porsche had been working on the shape of the 911's bodywork as early as the 1950s when the 356 was still the marque's crowd-puller. The prototype mutated over time to become a four-seater, and the final shape was the work of Ferry Porsche's son, Ferdinand Alexander.
It was decided from the start that the successor to the 356 should also have a rear engine. The choice fell to the six-cylinder 'boxer' engine with axial fan and - due to the greater speed reserves - an upper camshaft on each side. The camshaft was driven via chains, after vertical shafts and toothed belts were disregarded. The 356 frame and chassis were replaced by new designs.
The result was a car about which Ferry Porsche later said: "The 911 stamped the unmistakable character of the Porsche sports car".
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